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Flanges: Nozzles / Long Weld Necks – What you need to know

flanges, flange, ansi, pipe, fittings, awwa, carbon, blind, petrochemical, industrial, waterworks, stainless, steel, asme, api, weld, forgings, orifice, slip, industrial flange, industrial flanges

 

 

We have received several inquiries over the years for nozzle type flanges, commonly referred to as “long weld necks.” These types of flanges and the different varieties in which they are offered are meant to replace pipe, not weld up to it, and as such we would like to clarify for everyone in the industry that these items do not have schedule bores. A typical weld neck flange has a weld prep at the tip of the neck to weld up to matching pipe, whereas long weld neck flanges, or “nozzles,” are square cut at the ends for the purpose of utilization with your tank or alternate assembly. As such, many inquiries which we receive include schedule bores that we eliminate in our quote reply to our customers, as these schedules are not applicable.

 

 

 

Our nozzle flanges are available in the more common lengths of 9”, 12”, and 16”, as well as any larger or smaller overall lengths to suit your needs. Typically, the larger the nominal size and pressure class flange, the larger the overall length requested. However, this is entirely subjective and at the discretion of the customer. Contrary to popular suggestion, there is no universal “standard” length because these parts are made in accordance with the application necessary. We offer a variety of barrel sizes, from the more familiar long weld necks, heavy barrels, and equal barrels. We also provide intermediate barrel products depending on your needs. As most regular weld neck flanges, these nozzles are typically made from forged carbon steel and stainless steel grades, though we do get the occasional request for chrome alloy and nickel alloy nozzle flanges. Feel free to submit your own technical drawing for quotation to our sales department and we would be happy to help get you the flanges you need.

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Conflict Minerals

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It is Texas Flange's policy to provide customers with ethically procured products and to engage only in responsible procurement practices. Flanges, fittings, and other items supplied to our customers via our own production lines, as well as those of import flange sourcing, are from authorized raw materials. Certain minerals (tin, tantalum, tungsten and gold) produced in conflict-ridden nations, and distributed via supply chains might be used to fund armed forces engaged in illicit activities involving human-rights violations, acts of violence, etc., and consequently such materials are referred to as “Conflict Minerals”. The Dodd-Frank Wall Street Reform and Consumer Protection Act of 2010 requires companies registered with the SEC to disclose whether the products they manufacture or contract to manufacture contain “Conflict Minerals” that are “necessary to the functionality or production” of those products. Texas Flange does not provide any products, components or other flange materials that contain Conflict Minerals and we are committed to customer service and ensuring that our customers meet their sourcing requirements and obligations. Our flanges are meant to comply with all applicable specs.

 

 

 

To that end, Texas Flange has exercised due diligence to determine the country of origin and manufacture of items supply chain that are of import origin, and this is done in accordance with the OECD Due Diligence Guidance for Responsible Supply Chains of Minerals from Conflict-Affected and High-Risk Areas and similarly recognized international guidelines. It is our policy that raw material is sourced from smelters that have been determined to be conflict-free smelters or determined to be conflict-free under other trusted traceability projects. We are happy to continue to fill out forms for our customers to ensure that we do not provide flanges and fittings from conflict sources, but let this note serve as a disclaimer that it would not be necessary. We are committed to quality and satisfaction in the flange and fitting industry and look forward to a strong relationship with all of our customers.

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Specialty Nickel Alloys

 

 

Texas Flange supplies a wide variety of specialty alloys in flanges and fittings for the global industries which we serve. We’ve noted a few differences in some of the more popular chrome and nickel products which are used in various refining, nuclear, petrochemical, and corrosion process applications.

 

Alloy C276 –

 

Commonly referred to as “Hastelloy” ® grade C276 developed by Haynes International. Perhaps the most popular nickel based alloy, used in the widest variety of applications, including water treatment, chemical processing, and some nuclear reactor operations. Hastelloy is widely available in various types of flanges, fittings, valves, and other assembly components.

 

Nickel 200/201 –

 

True to its name, this is material consisting of virtually pure nickel (roughly 99 percent by composition) with excellent malleability and ductility, giving it good weldability and agreeability within its commercial utilization. The material is of particular use in heat and corrosion resistance applications involving food processing, electronics, and defense components.

 

Alloy 20 – UNS N08020

 

Also known as “Carpenter 20” ®, this nickel iron chromium steel alloy is commonly used in process industries where corrosion resistance is critical. Alloy 20 contains a small percentage of molybdenum and copper and is particularly common in applications involving sulfuric acid because of its resistance to crevice pitting, stress cracking, and overall corrosion.

 

Monel 400 –

 

A Nickel-Copper alloy developed by the International Nickel Co and authorized in 1906. This material is resistant to corrosion but more difficult to work with than other nickel alloys of the same family. Monel is commonly used in marine applications involving the perpetual corrosion of seawater and the development of accessories within assemblies handling corrosive material, such as strainers, wiring, valve gates, and fastener hardware.

 

Inconel 600/625 –

 

Nickel-chromium alloys developed in the 1940s in the United Kingdom. They are commonly utilized in nuclear engineering, aerospace engineering, commercial refining, and other demanding large scale applications. These materials have excellent resistance to corrosion and great strength even in high heat and stress utilization, making them excellent candidates for use in nuclear reactors and engine turbines.

 

Incoloy 800/825 –

 

Similar to its Inconel counterpart, these grades of nickel-chromium alloys have tight ranges on aluminum, titanium, and other trace element contents in order to produce material with the best properties in high heat applications. Commonly utilized in heat exchangers, power plants, furnaces, nuclear fuel processing, and other situations which involve corrosive media at high temperatures.

 

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Specialty Stainless Alloys

 

 

Texas Flange supplies a wide variety of specialty alloys in flanges and fittings for the global industries which we serve. We’ve noted a few differences in some of the more popular chrome and nickel products which are used in various refining, nuclear, petrochemical, corrosion process, and treatment applications.

 

 

304H – UNS S30409

A high carbon variant of the most commonly used and extremely versatile stainless steel in the flange industry. 304H is an austenitic chromium stainless which contains a carbon content range of .04 - .10 to help with heat resistance for high temperature applications. It also carries all of the general attributes and service properties of regular grade 304 stainless steel.

 

 

316H – UNS S31609

Similar in approach to 304H, grade 316H is a high carbon variant of regular grade 316 stainless steel, which contains a small percentage of molybdenum for use in marine grade applications. This austenitic grade of stainless utilizes a higher carbon content for use in higher temperature service, much like its cousin grade 304H. Though it is less commonly used, it is still commercially available.

 

 

317/L – UNS S31700 / UNS S31703

An austenitic chromium grade containing molybdenum, and similar to grade 316, except with a higher value of stress resistance, increased tensile strength, higher service in elevated temperature, and general resistance to corrosion from chloride, sulfuric solutions, or other corrosive media. The low carbon option (L) can be selected for a more optimal weld requirement.

 

 

310/310S – UNS S31000 / UNS S31008

A stainless grade with excellent workability, utilized in heat exchanger applications and projects with elevated temperatures involving high salinity. This grade contains an increased chromium and nickel content and has elevated characteristics of oxidation and corrosion resistance when compared to more common stainless grades such as 304 and 309.

 

 

321/321H – UNS S32100 / UNS S32109

An austenitic grade stainless containing over 4 or 5 times the level of titanium as it does in carbon, with a maximum titanium value of 0.70%. This material has a high intergranular corrosion resistance and is well utilized in high heat applications in the aerospace industry such as aircraft jet engine manifolds and exhaust components. 

 

 

347/347H – UNS S34700 / UNS S34709

A stainless grade containing a small percentage of columbium and tantalum for stabilization purposes. Commonly used in the combined high heat and corrosion environments of refineries, power generation, and airline service, this austenitic alloy retains better properties in corrosive environments comparted to similar alloys 321 and 317.

 

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Conflict Minerals

http://www.sbcinc.com/images/Conflict-Minerals.jpg

 

 

 

It is Texas Flange's policy to provide customers with ethically procured products and to engage only in responsible procurement practices. Flanges, fittings, and other items supplied to our customers via our own production lines, as well as those of import flange sourcing, are from authorized raw materials. Certain minerals (tin, tantalum, tungsten and gold) produced in conflict-ridden nations, and distributed via supply chains might be used to fund armed forces engaged in illicit activities involving human-rights violations, acts of violence, etc., and consequently such materials are referred to as “Conflict Minerals”. The Dodd-Frank Wall Street Reform and Consumer Protection Act of 2010 requires companies registered with the SEC to disclose whether the products they manufacture or contract to manufacture contain “Conflict Minerals” that are “necessary to the functionality or production” of those products. Texas Flange does not provide any products, components or other flange materials that contain Conflict Minerals and we are committed to customer service and ensuring that our customers meet their sourcing requirements and obligations. Our flanges are meant to comply with all applicable specs.

 

To that end, Texas Flange has exercised due diligence to determine the country of origin and manufacture of items supply chain that are of import origin, and this is done in accordance with the OECD Due Diligence Guidance for Responsible Supply Chains of Minerals from Conflict-Affected and High-Risk Areas and similarly recognized international guidelines. It is our policy that raw material is sourced from smelters that have been determined to be conflict-free smelters or determined to be conflict-free under other trusted traceability projects. We are happy to continue to fill out forms for our customers to ensure that we do not provide flanges and fittings from conflict sources, but let this note serve as a disclaimer that it would not be necessary. We are committed to quality and satisfaction in the flange and fitting industry and look forward to a strong relationship with all of our customers.

Continue reading
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