How To Read A Material Test Report

What is an MTR?

Material test reports (MTR) are often also referred to as certified mill test reports, certified material test reports, mill test certificates, inspection certificates, certificate of tests. An MTR is a quality assurance document used in the metals industry that certifies a material’s chemical and physical properties and states a product made of metal (steel, aluminum, brass or other alloys) abides by an international standards organization (such as ANSI, ASME, etc.) specific standards.

Here is an example MTR from Texas Flange:

A Sample MTR from Texas Flange

While each mill typically has a different layout for their reports, the information on them is generally the same. A mill test report should include the following:

Product Description and Specification

A material’s size and dimensions will be included on an MTR and displayed as material dimensions. This will change depending on the raw material. For example, metal plates are measured in thickness, while pipes are measured in diameter.

The product specifications refer to the ASTM and ASME standards applied to a particular material. For example, metals used in pressure and vacuum applications are required to meet specific product specifications. ASTM standards have a prefix including the letter “A”. Standards from the ASME have an “SA” prefix.

Heat Code

MTRs should include heat codes for traceability.  Each code references a “heat”; a single grouping of forgings created from the same piece of billet in one forging session. Essentially, the heat code is the “DNA” or “fingerprint” of sorts for our products. Heat codes identify the physical and chemical composition of our flanges or custom components.

Along with the “heat”, mills forge an extra piece, often referred to as the “test piece” or “coupon”. Subsequently, this piece then undergoes “crashing” or destructive testing per ASME code to obtain physical traits. Chemistry values include the percentage of alloying elements such as Carbon, Chromium, Nickel, Sulfur, Phosphorus, Aluminum, and other alloys.

Physical Properties

Material Test Reports include physical values with respect to the requirements of the material. For example, some flanges undergo heat treatment processes like normalization or quenching and tempering, and as ASME flanges in pressure classes 400# and above require ASTM A105 carbon steel flanges to be heat treated automatically per code, this information would be included in the report.

Chemical Properties

MTRs include a breakdown of the material’s chemical properties. Depending on what alloy you’re purchasing, the chemical makeup of the metal will need to fall within required ranges.

Here at Texas Flange we provide all flanges or other components with MTRs per EN10204 3.1* at no additional charge. We ship Material Test Reports with your order or email copies directly to you at your request. Additionally, if you need a Certificate of Conformance for your order, we will provide this free of charge as well. Quality is critical in our service of providing materials for pressure vessels, refineries, offshore and onshore rigs, pipelines, and a seemingly endless number of alternate industrial applications. Therefore, our number one focus is making sure you get the flanges you need per your requirements. We take that responsibility very seriously.

Give us a call at  281-484-8325 or shoot us an email at [email protected] with any questions or concerns on your order.

Don’t forget to check out our other free online resources!

CATALOG

3D-Drawings

Flange Charts/Tables

Pipe Flange Pressure Classes Per ASME B16.5

Flange O’Clock: Episode 2

Join our host John Barnett as he explains and demonstrates what pipe flange pressure classes are, and the differences between each of the pressure classes per ASME B16.5: 150#, 300#, 400#, 600#, 900#, 1500# and 2500#.

We thank you for watching and hope you found our video helpful! If there’s anything else you’d like to know, leave a comment and we’ll get your answer ASAP!

Haven’t seen Episode 1 yet on most common types of flanges?

In this episode of flange o’clock, we’re going to go over pipe flange pressure classes.

Before me I have one-inch raised face slip-on flanges. All three of these are 1 inch raised face flanges per B16.5. B16.5 allows for a class of 150, class 300, class 400, class 600, class 900, class 1500, and finally class 2500, which is available up to 12-inch. ASME B16.5 is the standard for pipe flanges from half inch to 24-inch nominal pipe size. B16.47 for 60-inch Series A and Series B have different pressure classes that we can go over in another video.

Different Pressure Classes for Flanges

The difference between these three flanges is the pressure class! This is a class 150, this is a class 300, and this is a class 600. The differences are in the dimensions except for the bore! You see this is a one inch pipe that can be placed  in each of the flanges. So telling me it’s a one inch 4 bolt flange isn’t quite enough information. You can see that we have 1 inch 150 and 1 inch 300 have raised faces of a 1/16th inch. Contrast that with the 1/4 inch raised face height on the class 600. These dimensions can be found on pages 3 through 12 of the Texas Flange catalog.

Higher Flange Pressure Classes

Typically speaking, higher pressure classes are going to be heavier flanges. There are a couple exceptions to that. In class 400, small sizes up to three and a half inch nominal inclusive are identical to class 600 flanges. Likewise, class 900 flanges are identical to class 1500 flanges in all respects for half inch to the two and a half inch inclusive. So in this case, all three of these flanges have four bolt holes. That’s not enough to describe a flange completely. You can see the bolting chart on page 14 of our catalog. A 3 inch 150# flange has four bolt holes. Whereas a 3 inch 300# flange has eight bolt holes.

As we move from one pressure class to another we see that they get heavier and yes common sense dictates that they will be rated for a higher pressure but the 600 class, for instance, is not a 600 psi maximum service. When we say 150#, or 300#, or 600#, we’re referencing a class, not a maximum working pressure. I have here the A105 pressure temperature chart. So in the case of a 200 degree fahrenheit application, a class 150 flange would be good for 260 psig working pressure. In the case of a 600# flange at 400 degrees, your working pressure would be 1265 psig. Specifying the pressure class will help us ensure we get you the flanges you need when you need them!

Call or email us today!

If you still need help deciding which is better for your project, pipeline, or job, feel free to call (281-484-8325) or  e-mail the Texas Flange sales office anytime from 8 am to 5 pm Monday through Friday.

You can also drop a quick question or inquiry into our quick contact form.

With our decades of expertise, we can help you get the flanges you need!

If you’d like to learn more about flange specifications, types, uses and more feel free to peruse our informational blog posts, free 3-D and CAD drawings, or flange charts.

The Most Common Flange Types

Flange O’ Clock: Episode 1

What are flanges? Join host John Barnett in Texas Flange’s new educational video series, Flange O’Clock, as he demonstrates and explains everything you need to know about flanges.

Today’s episode goes over the 6 most common flange types; Weld Neck, Threaded, Slip On, Lap Joint, Socket Weld, and Blind per ASME B16.5. Thank you for watching and we hope you learn a lot from our videos! If there’s anything you’d like to learn that we didn’t cover here, leave us a comment and we’ll get your answer ASAP.

In this video, I’m going to go over the six basic types of flanges per ASME B16.5

The Weld Neck, Threaded, Slip-On, Lap Joint, Socket Weld, and Blind Flange.

All six flanges before me are for one-inch nominal pipe size, class 150 per B16.5, and raised face. Or in short, 1” 150# RF, with the exception of the Lap Joint, which will be explained later.

Weld Neck Flanges

The Weld Neck flange is the most commonly requested flange. It features a neck extension with a tapered hub, a 37.5-degree bevel, and a 1/16” landing at the point of weld. This will butt directly onto another pipe with a similar bevel, where it will be welded together with a 75-degree weld. Because it butts directly onto pipe, it is going to match the OD and the ID of the pipe. You’ll need to tell us the schedule you’re using. You could also give us the ID, or inner diameter, which is another word for bore, or you can tell us the wall thickness. Once you give us any of those, we will be able to make your flange meet the pipe exactly.

Threaded Flanges

The Threaded flange, or companion flange, features an NPT. In this case, it’s a one-inch flange, so it has a one-inch Female National Pipe Thread center, which is used to mate to male threaded pipe. It’s a tapered thread, so when the pipe is fully threaded down, it will bottom out, like so. Threaded flanges are commonly used in reducing connections as well.

Slip-On Flanges

The Slip-On flange is a simple and cost-effective alternative to the Weld Neck flange. It has a straight through ID, and as the name implies, slips on to pipe. The pipe is then welded along the OD on the top of the hub. This separates the heat-affected zone from the rest of the flange. In larger sizes and higher pressure classes, you’ll see more of a hub. Other applications might call for the pipe to be pulled back 3/16 of an inch, and a 90-degree fillet weld being performed on the ID of the flange. It is possible to have both welds performed if the application calls for it.

Lap Joint Flanges

The Lap Joint flange is similar to the Slip-On, except it is always flat-face, and has a radius on the ID, or inner diameter, to accommodate a stub end. The normal application calls for the flange to slide up the pipe for your stub to be butt-welded directly onto your pipe, and then your flange will slide over the weld onto the stub end. You’ll see the stub end’s flair, or flanged portion, extends out and creates the raised face section of the bolted flange connection.

Socket Weld Flanges

The Socket Weld flange is similar to a Slip-On, except that it has a counter-bore step. This is convenient in situations where there is a space limitation. Just like a Slip-On, the pipe will go into the flange, but then butt up against that counter bore step, creating a flush surface along the ID of the pipe, and the ID of the flange. So, just like Weld Necks, Socket Welds will need to be specified with a schedule, or a bore, or ID or the pipe’s wall thickness. You tell us any of those, and we’ll make sure you get the flange you need.

Blind Flanges

The Blind Flange has no ID or threads. It is only used to cap off a line, bolting onto another flange, flanged fitting, or flanged valve. You’ll also notice it has no hub. Per B16.5, Blinds do not require hubs. You can also alter a Blind by drilling through to create a reducing Slip-On, from Blind, or drill and tap to create a reducing Threaded from Blind. In applications where you require a hub, which you’ll see in another video, we can provide a high hub blind and then alter per your requirements.

These six flange types are, of course, not the only types of flanges available. If you have need for anything else, be it plate flanges, metric flanges, high yield, carbon steel, stainless steel, nickel alloys, or anything else that’s round with bolt holes in it, we’d be happy to help. If you have any questions, give us a call or shoot us an email, that way we can get you the flanges you need, when you need them.

If you still need help deciding which is better for your project, pipeline, or job, feel free to call (281-484-8325) or  e-mail the Texas Flange sales office anytime from 8 am to 5 pm Monday through Friday. Or you can drop a quick question or inquiry into our quick contact form. With our decades of expertise, we can help you get the flanges you need.

Check out Episode 2 HERE! We explain pressure class, why it’s important, and the difference between the different classes from 150# to 2500#!

If you’d like to learn more about flange specifications, types, uses and more feel free to peruse our informational blog posts, free 3-D and CAD drawings, or flange charts.

B16.47 Series A vs Series B: What’s The Difference?

B16.47 Series A Series B Flanges

ASME B16.5 and ASME B16.47

ASME B16.5 standard covers steel pipe flanges and flanged fittings from NPS ½” through NPS 24” in pressure classes 150 to 2500. This includes pressure ratings, dimensions, tolerances, materials, marking, and testing.  ASME B16.5 and ANSI B16.5 only cover sizes up to 24 inches. For bigger sizes, ASME B16.47 standard covers pipe flanges in sizes 26” through 60” and in pressure class ratings 75, 150, 300, 400, 600, and 900. Then, ASME B16.47 is further divided into ASME B16.47 Series A and ASME B16.47 Series B flanges for Blinds and Weldnecks.

The designation formerly referred to as MSS SP-44 flanges are now considered ASME B16.47 Series A flanges, while API 605 flanges are now ASME B16.47 Series B flanges. Materials covered in this standard are the same as ASME B16.5 except for nickel alloys. Due to this, they share the same pressure-temperature chart for the selection of flange materials.

What is the difference between ASME B16.47 Series A and Series B flanges?

ASME B16 47 Series A flanges are thicker, heavier and stronger than their Series B counterparts. They also can often handle more external loading than Series B. Series A flanges tend to be more costly than Series B flanges. ASME B16.47 Series B flanges need more but smaller fasteners, such as bolts & nuts. They also usually have a smaller bolt circle diameter than Series A flanges. Generally, there is less flange movement after installation due to the smaller bolt circle diameter. Both Series A and B define weld neck flanges and blind flanges in raised face type. However, Series A defines ring type joint (RTJ) flanges from Class 300 through Class 900 within this standard while Series B does not.

Series A flanges are popular for new pipeline projects or equipment. Meanwhile, many choose Series B flanges for refurbishment or replacement jobs.

If you still need help deciding which is better for your project, pipeline, or job, feel free to call (281-484-8325) or  e-mail the Texas Flange sales office anytime from 8 am to 5 pm Monday through Friday. Or you can drop a quick question or inquiry into our quick contact form. With our decades of expertise, we can help you get the flanges you need.

If you’d like to learn more about flange specifications, types, uses and more feel free to peruse our informational blog posts, free 3-D and CAD drawings, or flange charts.

The Coronavirus, The Economy, & The State of Oil & Gas

  What is the COVID-19?

(Previously referred to as 2019-nCoV or more broadly, the coronavirus)

According to the CDC, COVID-19  is a new respiratory virus first identified in Wuhan, Hubei Province, China. On January 30, 2020, the International Health Regulations Emergency Committee of the World Health Organization declared the outbreak a “public health emergency of international concern” (PHEIC). The potential public health threat posed by the coronavirus is high, both globally and to the United States. The fact that this virus has caused illness, including illness resulting in death, and sustained person-to-person spread in China is concerning. For the general American public, who are unlikely to be exposed to this virus, the immediate health risk from the coronavirus is considered low at this time.

The intent of this blog is to inform any of you who may be more curious about the coronavirus aka 2019n-CoV aka COVID-19, and more specifically (since Texas Flange has no epidemiologists or any health care specialists on staff) how this virus is affecting industrial flanges, the Oil and Gas industry, and the economy overall.  While a serious subject matter without a tremendous amount of clarity available, this overview will bring us to early February 2020 (when this article is being written), and due to the rapidly-evolving nature of the situation, we plan to update this blog as warranted.

Dec 2019:

• First Cases detected, and World Health Organization (WHO) Alerted.

Jan 2020: Week 1

• Wuhan seafood market suspected of being the hub where the first cases were contracted.

• Medical screen at Wuhan airport implemented on Jan 3rd, 2020.

• WHO advises against travel/trade restrictions based on current evidence

• SARS, MERS, and bird flu determined to not be culprits

• New Virus Identified as a betocoronavirus and officially named 2019n-CoV

Jan 2020: Week 2

• First potential 2019n-CoV cases appear outside of China

• 2019n-CoV genetic genome was sequenced and made available to study worldwide

• First death reported

• Cases confirmed in Thailand and Japan

• At this point, less than 50 cases are confirmed worldwide

Jan 2020: Week 3

• Second Death Reported

• First Confirmed Case in South Korea

• First Confirmed Case in the United States (Washington)

Jan 2020: Week 4

• Stricter health screenings implemented in Airports across the world

• China implements travel bans in multiple cities

• Chinese New Year celebrations cancelled in Beijing

• First robots used to treat infected patient

• Hong Kong announces health emergency

• Canada, Nepal, Sri Lanka, and Mexico report first cases. More cases reported around the world.

• Countries around the world work to extract their citizens from the immediate danger in Wuhan.

• China suspends trading on two major stock exchanges

• Russia closes 2,700 miles of border

• WHO updates virus risk level to “HIGH”

Jan 31st, 2020:

• Approximately 10,000 Cases confirmed worldwide

• Death toll rises to 213 individuals (may they all rest in peace)

• WHO declares global health emergency

Feb 2020: Week 1

• Incoming travel restrictions set in place by America and Australia to protect their citizens.

• Chinese Health Authorities announce that 243 individuals affected by the coronavirus were discharges after recovering.

• First death outside of china announced in the Philippines.

• More cases popping up around the world.

• Over 30,000 Cases confirmed worldwide

• Death toll rises to over 600.

Feb 2020: Week 2 – Present Day

• First U.S and Japanese Nationals pass away in Wuhan from coronavirus infection.

• Multiple temporary hospitals being erected in China to help care for those infected.

• Over 60,000 cases have now been confirmed worldwide (90+% within mainland China)

• Death toll rises over 1,100; Surpasses the SARS epidemic from 2002-03.

• 420 United states citizens investigated for coronavirus

• 13 tested positive, 347 tested negative, and 60 test results are still pending.

• States with confirmed cases: CA, WA, AZ, WI, IL, MA

• We imagine “Coronavirus” has and will be a simple and clear enough term, but the WHO for some reason renames 2019-nCoV Coronavirus as COVID-19

• CO – Corona

• VI – Virus

• D – Disease

• 19 – Refers to 2019 (year it was originally discovered)

***UPDATED MARCH 18, 2020***

FEB 2020 WEEK 3: 

• Death toll rises to 2,247, with a majority of death occurring in mainland China. Total number of confirmed cases increases to over 76,000 with recoveries at around 18,200.

• Passengers who have tested negative for the virus begin disembarking from the Diamond Princess cruise ship, despite evidence from infectious disease experts that they may be unknowingly carrying the virus back to their communities.

• CDC changes criteria for counting confirmed cases of COVID-19 in the US. Begins tracking two separate groups: those repatriated by the US Government, and those identified by the US Public Health Network.

FEB 2020 WEEK 4:

• Italy’s Lombardy region issues a list of towns and villages that are in complete lockdown. Nearly 100,00 people are affected by travel restrictions.

•  Patient infected with COVID-19 in Washington state dies, marking the first death in the US due to the virus.

MARCH 2020 WEEK 1: 

• Death toll reaches 3,450 globally, while the number of cases of infection increases to more than 101,731 with approx. 57,390 recoveries.

• In the US, Washington, Florida, Kentucky, New York, Maryland, Utah, and Oregon declare a public health state of emergency.

• EU raises risk level from “moderate” to “high” following 2,100 reported cases and 38 related deaths.

MARCH 2020 WEEK 2: 

• WHO declares outbreak to be a pandemic on March 11, 2020. It is the first pandemic to be caused by a coronavirus.

•  Death toll reaches 4,700 globally, with more than 128,330 infections and approximately 68,300 recoveries.

•  US President Donald Trump declares a national emergency, plans to use $50 billion to combat spread of COVID-19.

MARCH 2020 WEEK 3: 

•  Death toll increases to over 8,000 globally by March 18. Total reported cases stand at ~207,500 with ~82,000 recoveries.

•  WHO calls for “aggressive action” in Southeast Asia to control spread of the virus.

 

   Has COVID-19 affected oil and gas?

To put it simply. Yes, it has affected the Oil and Gas Industry.

The lower demand in China is affecting not only Oil & Gas companies the Houston area, but globally. The US Energy Information Administration recently reduced its oil demand growth forecast by ~300,000 barrels per day to account for travel restrictions and reduced fuel consumption in mainland China.

WTI Crude Oil Price Chart

 

If we look at the price per barrel of WTI more specifically, we started 2020 at around $58 per barrel, however after COVID-19 was discovered to be a potential global issue, Oil prices fell 10-15%. If we look at the chart below and compare the number of new cases being announced, we can make a loose correlation between reduced infection rates (i.e. hopefully the virus is slowing down) and oil prices rebounding ~1-3%. This provides a bit more optimistic outlook for the future of oil and gas; however, we will have to monitor the situation as it continues to unfold.

**March 18, 2020 UPDATE **

Global demand for oil is expected to drop in 2020 as the coronavirus continues to spread globally, restricting travel and other economic activity. According to the IEA, “The situation remains fluid, creating an extraordinary degree of uncertainty over what the full global impact of the virus will be. In the IEA’s central base case, demand this year drops for the first time since 2009 because of the deep contraction in oil consumption in China, and major disruptions to global travel and trade.”  While many different sectors of the energy market are being adversely affected by COVID-19.

  How has COVID-19 affected local and global economies?

While some outlets report instances of unfair generalizations, please check your sources, and do not let misinformation sway your decisions. Continue to support local businesses and make sure your news sources are reputable.

Because of globalization, companies have built supply chains across national borders, making economies much more interconnected. In recent years, China has become a vital part of the global market. Therefore, economic hits in China caused by the spread of COVID-19 cause a ripple effect in the larger global economy as well. The biggest factors that may affect the US are going to be a drop in sales to China, disrupted supply chains (due to the economic globalization mentioned earlier), and a large drop in Chinese tourism to the US. Still, only time will tell how severe the impact of the virus and its affects will be to our economy. “The outbreak has the potential to cause severe economic and market dislocation. But the scale of the impact will ultimately be determined by how the virus spreads and evolves, which is almost impossible to predict, as well as how governments respond,” said Neil Shearing, group chief economist at Capital Economics.

Economists say the current level of disruption is manageable. If the number of emerging coronavirus cases begins to slow, and China’s factories reopen soon, the outcome will be a momentary hit to the Chinese economy in the first quarter and small dip in global growth. However, if “pandemic” status is reached, it will certainly depress the economy as countries implement restrictions on commerce/trade to protect their citizens. Additionally, vacation/travel industries have been and will continue to be affected until the virus can be conquered. According to certain sources, Chinese tourists spend ~130 billion annually vacationing and many industries will feel the effect of COVID-19 this year if we cannot get it under control.

With a coordinated effort on a multi-national level, there is hope for a swift and effective response to the outbreak of the coronavirus COVID-19. If a “pandemic” is prevented, the effects on a global (and even local) economy can remain manageable (and we hope that we may report back that this was indeed the case). As we have reiterated throughout this brief review of the events and effects of the coronavirus COVID-19, only time will tell. In the meantime, remember to take regular preventive measures; wash your hands regularly, get your flu vaccine, and stay home if you feel ill.

**March 18, 2020 UPDATE**

 

Unfortunately, earlier this month COVID-19 was officially been labeled as a pandemic by the World Health Organization. This could affect the global and US economy in many ways, and in some ways already has. International Monetary Fund Managing Director Kristalina Georgieva says the outbreak is the world’s “most pressing uncertainty.” The economic disruptions caused by the virus and the increased uncertainty are being reflected in lower valuations and increased volatility in the financial markets. While the precise impact of the coronavirus on the U.S. and global economies is still unknown and unpredictable, it undeniably poses huge risks.

Click here to view the John Hopkins dashboard that is monitoring global COVID-19 cases in nearly real time.

 

Barnett VS Strickland: Titans of Industry Collide (For Charity)

The Fight

Texas Flange and TowerForce present:

This Saturday, February 1st 2020, come witness two middle aged businessmen duke it out in the name of giving! After months of strenuous and unwavering training, these two are ready to put their money (and fists) where their mouths are. Representing Texas Flange is their very own Jeff “The Preacher” Barnett who will be taking on Tower Force Terror, Whitney “The Painmaker” Strickland. These two industrial powerhouse competitors will be making their boxing ring debut at the Fighter Nation Boxing Gym, the current home of Termite Watkins and  Evan “Yung Holy” Holyfield (The Painmaker and The Preacher’s trainers, respectively) All Proceeds from ticket sales will be split 50/50 and donated to Fighter Nation and The Wheelhouse, with the loser of the main event donating $1000 to the winners charity of choice. Jeff is fighting for Fighter Nation, and Whitney is fighting for The Wheelhouse.

Before the battling businessmen, there will be 8 matches from Fighter Nation’s resident boxers, beginning at 12 pm. In addition, a barbecue lunch will be provided at 1: 30 pm courtesy of The Wheelhouse and the first 100 spectators to arrive will receive an autographed copy of Evan Holyfield’s book “12 Rounds to Winning for the Youth”. Spend your Saturday enjoying the most benevolent brawl of 2020! (so far)

The Contenders & Their Charities

Representing Texas Flange is Jeff “The Preacher” Barnett.

Barnett v Strickland Boxing

He has been training relentlessly with the fierce Evan “Yung Holy” Holyfield to win the $1,000 donation for his chosen organization; Fighter Nation. Under the leadership of Fighter Nation, part of the Fellowship of The Nations ministry. Headed by Pastor Termite Watkins, Fighter Nation ministry is a highly acclaimed boxing training gym in Houston. Fighter Nation is “A Life-Giving Church Where Everybody’s Family” that aims to build a ministry that impacts the community and the world.

Representing TowerForce is Whitney “The Painmaker” Strickland.

Barnett v Strickland Boxing

Whitney has been training hard under boxing legend Termite Watkins to bag the prize money for his chosen organization, The Wheelhouse. The Wheelhouse provides men with a supportive environment and recovery tools where they can free themselves from the grip of alcohol and drug addiction using a life-changing model that has seen hundreds of men recover from the disease of alcoholism. This method focuses on building authentic relationships that help bring relational, physical, and spiritual healing and restoration to those served.

UPDATE:

There were 8-9 fights between the boxers of Fighter Nation Gym. These boxers certainly knew their stuff. (more so than even our headlining fighters, if you can believe) Following the opening matches was a barbeque lunch provided by The Wheelhouse and then it was on to the moment we had all been waiting for…. The Preacher and The Painmaker were in the ring and ready to go. They spar briefly, but as they fight it becomes evident that some kind of injury had been sustained to Whitney’s right arm. They reset to their corners, and attempt again briefly but the fight was stopped and it is announced that Whitney hurt his shoulder/arm earlier that morning.  As a result, Jeff “The Preacher” Barnett was declared the victor. However, Jeff announced that both Whitney and Jeff would go ahead and give $3000 to Fighter Nation and The Wheelhouse respectively. The event in total raised over 9,000 to go to the local charities.

Check out a highlight reel of the event made by Don Cox here!

Interested in learning more about Texas Flange’s other charitable efforts? Read about our donation campaigns here!

IPTC and The World Of Oil

The new decade is already getting the ball rolling for the global Oil Industry. On January 13th through the 15th, The International Petroleum Technology Conference (IPTC) is holding its twelfth annual conference. The conference takes place in Dhahran, a city in Saudi Arabia, with Saudi Aramco serving as the Exclusive Host Organisation. This highly anticipated event has garnered the sponsorships of ExxonMobil, Halliburton, Aramco, Chevron, and even Microsoft. With so many industry leaders, IPTC will surely have a hand in the revolution of Oil Technologies. 

International Petroleum Technology Conference logo

The International Petroleum Technology Conference

For some context, since being founded in 2005, the IPTC has significantly influenced and contributed to the Oil Industry. Four organizations from across the globe sponsor this event; the American Association of Petroleum Geologists (AAPG), the European Association of Geoscientists and Engineers (EAGE), the Society of Exploration Geophysicists (SEG), and the Society of Petroleum Engineers (SPE).  They meet with  regional energy ministers, industry leaders, and governmental representatives, among other specialist from the industry. The conference aims to address industry-specific issues, share technological innovations, and discuss advancement of the oil industry.

Mohammed Y. Al-Qahtani, one of the IPTC 2020 Executive Committee Chairmen and Senior Vice President of Aramco stated, 

“This will be the first international multi-disciplinary, inter-society oil and gas conference and exhibition to be held in Saudi Arabia. The Kingdom, with some of the world’s largest oil reserves, occupies a unique position at the crossroads of Europe, Africa and Asia, making it a fitting location for one of the largest and most prestigious international conferences for petroleum engineering.” 

IPTC 2020: Vision to Prosperity: A New Energy Era Emerges

The 2020 Conference ran under the theme “Vision to Prosperity: A New Energy Era Emerges”.  Although it is Saudi Arabia’s first IPTC, More than fifteen thousand delagates from seventy different countries are attending. Saudi Aramco President and CEO Amin H. Nasser  emphasised  the need to transition to a lower carbon energy mix and highlighted the role the energy industry has played in creating the economic prosperity the world enjoys today. He said,

“With IPTC 2020, we have the perfect platform to push forward in our efforts to demonstrate that our industry is an integral part of the long-term solution to global energy challenges. As part of the energy transition, I firmly believe, oil and gas will continue to play a significant role for a long time to come. “

Amin Nasser on International Petroleum Technology Conference

He added: 

“We have the capability to be leaders when it comes to addressing the need for more energy with less emissions and I am confident that our industry has the talent and the innovative mindset, which is required to find the best and most pragmatic solutions. ”  

On Monday January Thirteenth, the London Journalist Annmarie Hordern, interviewed with Saudi Arabia’s Minister of Energy, HRH Prince Abdulaziz Bin Salman Al Saud about OPEC’s Declaration of Cooperation. Bin Salman said he was “very comfortable” with the implementation of production cuts by OPEC+ nations in December. He has expressed similar views on their attempts to bring inventories to a certain level by pressing on with output cuts. There is no official statement on when the current setbacks are to end. Eithne Treanor, an English Media and Communications specialist reported on the same day that bin Salman Al-Saud blames the media for creating the concept that OPEC+ is a cartel and urges them to talk to economists and review their position as “OPEC+ in no way has the connotations of a cartel.” 

OPEC discussed at International Petroleum Technology Conference

Nonetheless, there is one remaining fact, the world of Oil is only improving, and 2020 brings in a new era of profit and environmental awareness to the Industry. 

While you’re here, check out some of the free online resources we have to offer!

From our online catalog to our free CAD Drawings, and even flange experts you can speak with directly, Texas Flange is ready to help you get the flanges you need! Send us an e-mail at [email protected] or call our sales office at 281-484-8325.

Oil & Gas Industry: A Year In Review

Greetings everyone! We at Texas Flange hope you’re having a great holiday season. To say the least, 2019 has been a huge year for the oil industry. Over the course of this blog, we will review a few key events concerning geopolitics and its effect on our industry as a whole.  

A Rise In Oil & Gas Production

In our January 2019 Blog, we reported news of a record high in United States Oil and Natural Gas Production. ~11.54 million barrels per day (bpd), an amount that we haven’t seen since the 1970s! Back in April, the EIA announced that we hit an astounding 12.2 million bpd! And according to them, there is a very large possibility that we will soon reach 13.39 million bpd, an even larger increase than estimated earlier in the year. 

2019 Industry Review Chart

Unrest in Venezuela

Venezuela, one of the founding members of OPEC, has always had a huge influence on the Oil Industry. Today, Venezuela possesses the largest proven oil reserve at 303.2 billion barrels. (Nearly 18% of global reserves).  However, due to a misappropriation of funds, Venezuela’s refineries and extraction tools have become antiquated, forcing the country to drop production by 22% over the past five years. (2.1 million bpd).

Oil Industry Review Chart

The situation became dire as the government approached collapse this year. Although the country is attempting to restore stability itself, political unrest within and without the country will likely delay this process even further.

The situation in Venezuela has only inhibited an already weakened oil industry within the country. It was hoped that Saudi Arabia could increase production to make up for the losses caused by the crisis.

The Saudi Aramco Attacks

Those of you who remember the events of September can probably see where this is going… on September 14th of this year, an attack occurred in Saudi Arabia on a Saudi Aramco facility. The attack itself knocked out roughly 5.7 million bpd; about five percent of the global oil supply. Although the Houthi rebels claim responsibility for the attack itself, US Secretary of State Mike Pompeo accused Iran, which rejected the allegations. Regardless of the culprit, it was truly a devastating blow to the global oil supply. 

Oil Industry 2019 Recap

Since then, the facility has been repaired and production was increased to make up for the losses incurred by the attack.  The attack caused output to drop to ~8.7 million bpd. Armaco made up for the losses by October with a production of ~9.9 million bpd.

Numerous obstacles still stand in the way of the industry.  Disruptions across the world should have made “profit” an unimaginable word to use pertaining to the Oil Industry.  The fall of Venezuela should have crippled the industry causing large deficits and forcing us to pull from our reserves, but it didn’t.  The attack on Saudi Arabia should have disrupted the market for months, but it didn’t. This year should have been a black mark on the economy, but it wasn’t.  This year despite every setback, every disruption, every crippling event, we managed to set a record for production! We couldn’t be more proud of the industry of which we have the privilege to be a part. 

We hope this year has been as good to you as it’s been for us, and we can’t wait to work with you again in 2020. Merry Christmas, Happy New Year, and stay tuned for our first blog of the new decade in January.

Delays, Restrictions, and Costs. Oh My! Oil in 2020?

Last week, The Government of Iran announced the discovery of a new drilling site on the western side of the country.  The estimates, given by current president Hassan Rouhani, could lead to an additional 53 billion barrels to be added to the country’s current stockpiles bringing the total to over 200 billion.  If this account is true, then this would make this the second largest drilling field for the country. Of course this only oil. Specifically oil still in the ground.  Drilling and storing it is unlikely to come even close to the number spouted. The assumption is that only a fraction of the amount will be gathered in the near future.  That number will be closer to 10 to 15 billion barrels. The increased oil reserves mean very little in the immediate future due to sanctions the U.S. and other nations have placed on Iran, effectively preventing the new reserves from entering western markets.

Hassan RouhaniThe sanctions are likely to continue as the Iranian government has breached the limits on stockpiles of uranium stated in the JCPOA or as many come to know it “The Iran Deal” that was signed in 2015.

Oil speculators are being placed in a precarious situation since oil reserves in Iran are outside of reach and the Abqaiq attack has damaged Saudi Arabia’s reserves. While Saudi Arabia is slowly recovering we are unsure when they will return to full strength.

Now for some insight into the North American Oil and Gas Industry. Our most promising advancement is the Trans Mountain Pipeline, but due to several delays, (Rich Kruger) CEO of Imperial Oil stated “I think the Industry has largely gotten to the point where we will believe it when we see it.” Although, the Canadian Federal Government purchased the pipeline from Kinder Morgan in 2018, and has approved the Expansion project to start in June of 2020.

Though this may be taken as good news for the Oil Industry, there is still a bill that the Canadian Senate voted in that upholds a ban on oil tankers in British Columbia’s northern coast. The concern is that the expansion of the Trans Mountain would be rendered pointless. All of the moving pieces will fall onto the Supreme Court for a final decision that will continue to cause a divide in Canada’s Industrial and Environmental advocates. 

The fracking sector intends to pump less and plans are underway to restrict cost for the 2020 year due to low returns on their investments.  The foundling industry has seen criticism from investors as they demand reductions in spending. On top of all this many producers in this field have seen a reduction in output.  Expectations for 2020 are not incredibly optimistic.

Restriction to oil surely will play a major role in the industry in the following year.  With production slowing in domestic markets and restrictions on large segments of the foreign market, only time will tell how the market will adjust to the flattened price of oil due to the gluttonous production brought about in previous years. For now, the future is uncertain. 

For further reading on the US-Iranian conflict: https://www.texasflange.com/the-rising-us-iranian-conflict-causes-major-events-and-possible-effects/

Further reading on the Saudi Oil attack:

https://www.texasflange.com/saudi-oil-attacks-what-you-need-to-know/

For further insights on shale:

https://www.texasflange.com/shale-is-the-new-black-permian-pipelines-relieve-bottleneck/

Sources:

https://www.nationalobserver.com/2018/08/30/news/court-quashes-trudeaus-approval-trans-mountain-pipeline

https://www.timesofisrael.com/jews-get-new-year-greeting-from-irans-president/

https://www.thebalance.com/what-is-shale-oil-and-how-is-it-produced-3306195

Texas Flange And How We Harnessed The Power Of The Sun

Over the course of 2019, Texas Flange has begun to switch our sales office to solar power. Here we share the why, what, and how of that process. We hope that by sharing our story we can help others who  choose to switch to solar energy.

In early June of this year, Texas Flange’s main sales office experienced 2 power outages due to storms. Once the power was out, there was next to nothing to do in the office until power was restored (that is, nothing except office hangman, card games, and getting to know one another a bit better). The salespeople, however, were still able to answer the phones until the battery backup on the phones was exhausted – which lasted a couple hours – in the middle of a call. After that, business really did come to a screeching halt.

Of course, power out means no business. No business is no bueno. The solution? Batteries! With batteries serving as a backup in the case of a power outage, then the business can still operate with very few sacrifices until the power is restored.  But wait… How are we going to charge those batteries?

The solution to the solution? SOLAR POWER! Clean energy to power the office that sells industrial flanges to the oil and gas industry! Nothing could be better! But how did we do that, you ask? Well keep reading below to find out!

Solar Power Panel Mounting

Phase 1: Sourcing Solar Power Components

There are a ton of options out there to set up solar power for a building. However, many of them are quite expensive. For the system we required, accounting for materials and installation, the pricing was becoming intimidating. Then we discovered that we could do the legwork and install it ourselves (with a lot of guidance of course).

Phase 2: Delivery

After we decided what we needed for our building, we ordered all the parts needed to go solar!! We patiently waited for the parts to arrive, and as soon as they did, we made sure to catalog everything we received and ensure we were not missing any parts. The following list is not all-inclusive but should give you a fairly good idea of what was needed at our facility. Every install is different depending on what your base requirements are, geographic location, azimuth, where the sun moves throughout the day in comparison to where the solar power panels are installed, ect.

What we used:

21 – Solar panels (and all related mounting hardware for roof installation)

21 – Rechargable batteries (wired in series to make one large battery bank for the office)

1 – hybrid inverter system (allows grid tied backup, as well as off grid solar.)

2 – photovoltaic charge controllers

1 – communications box (allows access to an online dashboard and makes it easier to manage/check on system)

Phase 3: Installation / Registration of Solar Components

All things considered; the installation went rather smoothly. We mounted the panels on the roof, and installed the electronics inside the building. After the initial testing and then setting up the dashboard and online system, we were almost ready to turn it on and start generating our own solar energy!

We requested the paperwork from our electricity provider, and although it felt like jumping through hoops, it was not unreasonable or unmanageable. We would advise having your solar installer fill this paperwork out, or at least assist you. There are very specific technical questions relating to the install and what kind of system is in place.

** NOTE: LOCAL LAWS MAY DIFFER! BE SURE TO DISCUSS ANY POTENTIAL CHANGES WITH YOUR CITY/ELECTRICITY PROVIDER. IN OUR CASE, WE HAD TO REGISTER OUR SYSTEM WITH CENTERPOINT, AND HAD THE BUILLDING INSPECTED BEFORE WE COULD UTILIZE OUR SOLAR ARRAY. **

What does this mean for Texas Flange moving forward?

Well, for starters, during inclement weather or power outages, we should still be able to do business as usual and assist our customers! If grid power were to fall off, we can run our office for most of the day off our battery bank. The caveat is that we will have to prioritize what we can and cannot run, meaning that the first thing to go will likely be air-conditioning if we want our batteries to last more than a few hours. So, make sure to account for any and all equipment that requires electricity and only run the essentials for daily operations!

The other big benefit of having a solar system (not the planetary kind) is the ability to sell any excess power we generate back to the grid, thus lowering our operation costs long term while still lowering our carbon footprint! We may not spend all our free time hugging trees, but we don’t mind helping out where we can, especially when such efforts help us better service our customers!

While we recognize that we are a small part of the oil and gas industry, large players in the industry have already started to look more into renewable energy sources! In the grand scheme of things, our solar powered system will affect the environment very little, but we hope to inspire people start to utilizing renewable energy, thus making a massive difference on our environmental sustainability.

Solar Panels

Check out what else Texas Flange has been up to in 2019 : https://www.texasflange.com/blog/texas-flange-pays-it-forward-2019/